The impacts of climate change could affect people's livelihoods living in Amsterdam. Heavy rainfall increases the risk of sewage overflow, with possible risks to public health from untreated sewage water and urban surface water potentially containing pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals, and pharmaceutical residues. This increases the risks of infectious diseases and could impact mental health with increasing worries about safety.
Increasing temperatures, combined with the urban heat island effect that’s partly caused by limited urban areas cooling during the night, may cause heat stress and result in more cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. These risks could be more likely for the elderly, young children, and the chronically ill. The demand for places near the water as a place for cooling down will increase.